105. Leadership vs. Management

What are the key differences between leadership and management and how do you exploit them to achieve strategic and tactical objectives? Lessons from the business world applied to our world- Read more

SECAF awards Air Force Cross, 10 medals to Air Commandos

By Senior Airman Ryan Conroy , 24th Special Operations Wing Public Affairs / Published October 17, 2017 HURLBURT FIELD, Fla. — The team was trapped, outnumbered and bombarded by grenades and machine gun fire from elevated positions. Bullets ricocheted around them. Ordnance from circling, friendly aircraft exploded meters from their position, shaking the ground, as smoke from an exploded cache smothered the village. Their mission was originally to kill or capture high value Taliban leaders that fateful night Nov. 2, 2016, in Kunduz Province, Afghanistan, but as the enemy closed in around them, they quickly realized their mission had changed: survive. SECAF commends Airmen for valor The 24th Secretary of the Air Force, Heather Wilson, awarded ten valorous medals, including the Air Force Cross, to AFSOC Air Commandos in a ceremony, Oct. 17, here. “This mission was a perfect example of the power of our Special Tactics Airmen when teamed with American airpower and the nation’s elite ground forces,” said Wilson. “It reminds the world of what makes us who we are, and it reminds our enemies that there is no place to hide.” Staff Sgt. Richard Hunter, a Special Tactics combat controller with the 23rd Special Tactics Squadron, was awarded the Air Force’s highest medal, the Air Force Cross, for gallantry against an armed enemy of the U.S. in combat. Special Tactics Airmen are the Air Force’s ground special operations force, specializing in everything from precision strike to personnel recovery on the battlefield and during humanitarian crises. Additionally, five members of Spooky 43, the AC-130U gunship aircrew that supported the ground special operations team during the same operation were awarded Distinguished Flying Crosses and four received Air Medals with Valor. The AC-130U “Spooky” Gunship’s primary missions are close air support, air interdiction and armed reconnaissance. Close air support missions include supporting troops in contact and providing convoy escort. The gunship is outfitted with 40mm, 105mm cannons and a 25mm Gatling gun for precise and powerful strikes on the battlefield. “This mission proved to be the ultimate test of our Air Commandos in air-to-ground integration on the battlefield,” said Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, commander of AFSOC. “Hunter and Spooky 43’s precision strike capabilities were pushed to the limits under extreme fire to eliminate our enemies and defend our joint partners.” The actions of Spooky 43 in the air and Hunter on the ground were credited with eliminating the enemy and saving the lives of the U.S. Army Special Force team and 43 Afghan soldiers involved in the deadly ambush. “What was truly extraordinary when I read this story was the amazing precision and professionalism of the team,” said Wilson. “When we need swift, precise violence, we call them. There is no better friend and no worse enemy than the United States special operations forces.” Chaos on the ground, hate raining from above Hunter was embedded with a U.S. Army Special Forces team and their Afghan partners when they were ambushed by heavy machine gun fire from an elevated position as they entered a village, Nov. 2, 2016, near Kunduz, Afghanistan. “We came across a large, metal gate that had been closed prior to our arrival; I want you to imagine something 12 feet tall, about a quarter inch thick steel, a pretty massive piece of metal in front of us,” said Hunter. “We found ourselves in a three-way ambush, 270 degrees all around us.” Finding themselves trapped in the village, and in a dire situation, Hunter and his team withstood an enemy ambush of grenades and machine gun fire, resulting in four friendly force injuries. Hunter charged forward under enemy fire, leaving cover to drag a wounded teammate back with one hand, while using his free hand to call in suppressive fire through close air support from the Spooky 43 crew overhead. “At this point, [the team] is dragging [casualties] down the alleyway while still returning fire, and we’re using all of our weapons on the aircraft to destroy fighting positions and buildings … all within about 12 meters of Staff Sgt. Hunter,” said Maj. Alexander Hill, aircraft commander of Spooky 43. “We told Hunter to put his head down, and we fired closer than I think anyone’s ever fired an air-burst round.” As the Spooky 43 crew received the calls from Hunter on the ground for the firepower necessary to deter the enemy, they were required to exceed cooling requirements on the 105-mm Howitzer cannon, risking potential detonation inside the aircraft. With their expert skill and coordination, the crew was able to support the ground forces with the 40-mm cannon and at times forced to manually fire rounds called on by Hunter to defeat the enemy. According to Hill, the crew actively fired every weapon available to them for 107 consecutive minutes during the battle. “To see the teamwork in[…]

Read more

How to DOUBLE your breath hold in 15 minutes

I’ve tried this myself and validated this technique with the core group of guys I work with at the pool. I’ve seen guys’ breath hold go from an initial :45-[spp-timestamp time="1:15"] to [spp-timestamp time="2:40"]-[spp-timestamp time="3:28"] utilizing the below technique. First, some key information: -Deep Breathing: “Deep breathing” involves taking a big breath in through the mouth, holding for one second, and then exhaling for 10 seconds through your mouth through your almost-closed mouth with tongue pressed against your lower teeth. It should be a hissing exhalation and make a “tsssssss…” sound. All breathing and exercises are performed though the mouth. -Purging: “Purging” involves a strong exhalation as if you were trying to blow a toy sailboat across a pool, followed by a big but faster inhalation. Cheeks puffed out as you do the exhalation (imagine the big bad wolf blowing the pigs’ homes down). Be careful not to heave or rock back and forth, which wastes oxygen. Keep as still as possible. -Success Tips: 1) Find a comfortable chair free of distractions. 2) Do not move around while performing this test to keep your heart rate as low as possible.  This includes moving your hands & arms or shrugging your shoulders when inhaling.  Any movement, no matter how small, increases heart rate. 3) Make a conscious effort on your breath hold to inhale and fill your lungs fully.  Concentrate on slowly filling your stomach, then your lower chest, then upper chest, then your trachea and then your throat and mouth.  Maximize the airspace available to you. 4) Distract yourself while holding your breath.  Recount your favorite movie in your head or associate each letter of the alphabet with a name of someone you know. ALRIGHT, NOW FOR THE TEST. DISCLAIMER: THIS IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. DO NOT ATTEMPT IN WATER! Sitting still, do a baseline breath hold and record your time. Then perform: [spp-timestamp time="1:30"] deep breathing, then [spp-timestamp time="1:15"] purging (if you feel like you’re going to pass out, do it less intensely) Hold breath for target [spp-timestamp time="1:30"], no more After your [spp-timestamp time="1:30"] breath hold: Take 3 large recovery breaths, [spp-timestamp time="1:30"] deep breathing, [spp-timestamp time="1:30"] purging, Hold breath for target [spp-timestamp time="2:30"], no more After your [spp-timestamp time="2:30"] breath hold: Take 3 large recovery breaths, [spp-timestamp time="2:00"] deep breathing, [spp-timestamp time="1:45"] purging, Hold breath for as long as possible & record your initial and final times in the comments box.  (FYI, Harry Houdini’s life-time record is [spp-timestamp time="3:30"]).

Read more

104. Quickie. Training debrief.

We introduce a new feature to share quick lessons learned from training. If you have points you think we should get out to the career field email them to me if you have my address, the PJ Med Programs Manager at Langley, or to pjmedcast@gmail.com Read more

Citizen Airmen conduct long-range rescue of cruise passenger

  PATRICK AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. — Within two hours of the call, Citizen Airmen with 920th Rescue Wing took to the skies bound for a cruise ship roughly 500 miles off the Florida coastline carrying an elderly passenger suffering an acute condition and in need of medical evacuation Nov. 7, 2017. The long-range mission, requiring two HH-60 Pave Hawk helicopters, Guardian Angel pararescue teams, and an HC-130N King fixed-wing combat aerial refueler, lasted roughly eight hours and ended with the patient and his spouse being safely transported to Holmes Regional Medical Center, Melbourne, Florida. The initial call went out to the Coast Guard District 5, Portsmouth, Virginia, who then reached out to the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, late that morning. “The RCC had already reached a conclusion before calling the 920th RQW that no other assets could reach the cruise ship in time due to the distance,” said Col. Michael LoForti, 920th Operations Group commander. “It wasn’t a matter if we would help, but could we assist in the rescue effort.” A meeting was called with the squadron commanders and maintenance to determine if the manpower and assets were available to accept the mission. “It took less than a minute to make the call,” LoForti said. “We generated the aircrew, aircraft, pararescue teams, and a mission plan, and were able to launch in a matter of hours.” The plan entailed travelling hundreds of miles to the ship bound for Baltimore, Maryland; lowering two pararescuemen onto the ship; hoisting the patient and his spouse onto the helicopter; and transporting them the hospital. “It was great seeing everyone come together from maintenance to the aircrew and Guardian Angel rescue teams to make this thing happen,” said 1st Lt. Courtney McCallan, 301st Rescue Squadron HH-60 Pave Hawk helicopter pilot. “I’m glad we could help.” McCallan piloted the lead aircraft during the mission, watching overhead in an offset position as the second helicopter team conducted the rescue. It was shortly after sunset when the special missions aviation specialist aboard the second hovering Pave Hawk lowered two pararescuemen about 35-feet down onto the ship’s top deck, which sat about 100 feet above the water. After making contact with the patient’s doctor on the ship, the rescue specialists loaded the man into a Stokes basket, a litter made of metal, and hoisted him into the aircraft. “Even with obstacles like limited visibility with our night vision goggles and having to hover over a moving vessel, they executed the mission flawlessly,” said McCallan. Shortly after heading back to Florida, the 39th Rescue Squadron’s HC-130N crew lowered the fuel lines for one last air-to-air refueling before the crews dropped off their passengers and headed back to Patrick AFB. The HC-130N crew conducted a total of three air-to-air refuelings during the mission, supplying approximately 15,400 pounds of gas to the helicopters. “We train for these types of missions often, but when you actually get to put those skills to work and save someone’s life, it’s a pretty fulfilling thing,” said Lt. Col. Bob Seitz, 39th RQS director of operations. Both the HC-130N and HH-60 crews emphasized the key role maintenance played in the success of the mission, being able to generate all the aircraft necessary so quickly. “When we hear real-world search and rescue then everything kicks into high gear, and everyone pulls together to make it happen,” said Senior Master Sgt. Dennis Grant, 920th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron Helicopter Maintenance Unit superintendent. “We have extremely talented and dedicated individuals in our maintenance complex all with the same goal, and that is to provide the safest, most reliable aircraft for our operators we can. The advantage the Citizen Airmen bring is the experience on the various aircraft. We have individuals that have over 20 years on the airframes.” LoForti said he is proud of the hard work put forth by the wing’s Citizen Airmen in yet another successful rescue. The 920th Rescue Wing has saved 238 people and 26 pets in the last five months to include two German boaters stranded at sea after their sailboat caught fire and sank as well as victims of Hurricane Harvey. “The men and women of the 920th Rescue Wing continue to amaze me in their ability to execute challenging short-notice missions” said Loforti. “I’m proud to be a small part of such a motivated wing.” Original Story here: http://www.920rqw.afrc.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1369337/citizen-airmen-conduct-long-range-rescue-of-cruise-passenger/

Read more

The Ultimate 7 Must-Haves for Water Con Training

While some suitable substitutes are, well…suitable, sometimes it is absolutely essential to duplicate the exact gear used at selection.  In this write-up, I have done the research and found the 7 critical pieces of equipment that you need to train with to be successful inside the pool while at PJ Indoc, CCT assessment, Phase 2 assessments & Dive School.  All of the pieces have equal value: you must be well-rounded to be successful at selection.  You could be a stud at underwaters, buddy breathing, mask/snorkel recovery, one man comp, etc etc, but if you can’t handle a weight belt on your hips, you will fail just as easily as someone who struggles in any other event. I have scoured the internet to find the best prices for you and have provided affiliate links below (all on amazon). 1) The dive mask used for Air Force selection courses is massive.  It is important to train on this:  Single Lens Dive Mask to get used to the amount of air it takes to clear this behemoth.  There are small nuances to this mask that you must get used to such as how to properly trace the head strap & feeling where the nose cup is underwater so you don’t put the mask on upside down (this happens ALL the time to the untrained). 2) Grabbing the right snorkel is critical for buddy breathing.  Ensure you get either the:  Snorkel – J-Tube  or J Tube Snorkel Clear Mouth as getting intimately familiar with this snorkel will help you succeed when you are under full harassment.  This snorkel takes a bit more air to clear than other snorkels due to its larger than normal lower mouth piece section.  You may have an adjustment period with the bite blocks and upper mouth piece as well I’ve seen guys struggle to establish a seal quickly while in the pool. 3) Finning with stiff Rocket style fins is an experience that cannot be duplicated with substitution.  Your legs and feet will need to experience the suck of fin swimming with these:  IST Rocket Fins for Military Special Ops, L prior to going to selection.  The force that is put on your legs is critical to experience  as well as learning the skills of ditch and don with these type of straps will help you be ready for when its time to perform.  Expect calf, foot and hamstring cramps when ramping up training with these fins. 4) At selection, booties aren’t just used for finning.  An easy way to make underwaters (or any pool event) more challenging is by slapping on these:  Black Zippered Dive Bootie and watch yourself struggle.  These booties are a perfect fit for the IST Fins mentioned above. 5) There have been many of candidates who could fin great, but once that: Weight Belt, Black went on for the first time, their eyes would get big and they’d mercilessly sink to the bottom.  Don’t be that guy that struggles with a weight belt when it comes time to put in on when it counts.  This belt also has a clasp that can be difficult to manage while performing ditch & dons. WARNING: Do not perform weight belt swims in the deep end without a buddy!  Always ensure you have the belt setup so it will release with your right hand 6) A weight belt is useless without weights.  Grab 4 of these: Uncoated Lace Thru Style Hard Weights, 4Pounds to get 16 lbs total.  When starting, I recommend going with 8 lbs and working up to 16.  There is a particular way to place these on the belt that unless you’ve been to selection before, you won’t know the nuances– if you are unsure, ask in the specialtactics.com forums here. 7) Underwater knot tying is a skill that takes finesse and repetitiveness to master.  Use this:  7mm Accessory Cord to learn the square knot, inside bowline, girth hitch w/ an extra turn and the single fisherman’s knot.  TIP: Grab the 20′ or 30′ length and cut out two equal pieces of 36″ each.  Use the rest of the rope as your line that you will tie your knot around. Happy Swimming, SW

Read more

Assessment Redemption- What happens when you fail?

No one wants to think about the glaring possibility that you may not make it.  It’s something that no one wants to admit they think about but truthfully nags at them on a daily basis when prepping for assessment.  “What if I don’t make it?” Battlefield Airmen (BA) selection is unrelentingly merciless.  Wash out rates range from 40-80%, dependent on the AFSC you are striving for.  With such high rates, it is inevitable that many will not have what it takes– and that person could be you. When I went through, I told myself that it would never happen to me.  I put immense pressure on myself by telling all of my friends and family that this was my destiny.  My mantra was: As far as the Air Force was concerned; it was Battlefield Airmen or BUST. I also jedi mind-tricked myself at selection.  I told myself that I couldn’t quit; there was no way out:  I pictured it similarly as if I was in a prisoner of war camp and there was no escape from the selection course.  I looked at those that quit as killed off and only the strong survived.  (In actuality, the ones that did quit and sounded the horn would never be seen from again- so my analogy of being killed off- although drastic wasn’t that bizarre). There are two main reasons candidates fail at selection: 1) You fail (ie: injury & evaluation failure) 2) You quit (ie: failure to train & ‘sounding the horn’) Obviously #1 doesn’t feel as bad on the psyche as #2.  No one wants to admit they’re a quitter.  I’ve run into many guys over the years that have come and gone through indoc unsuccessfully.  The excuses never run dry; especially for the quitters.  Regardless of your selection exit strategy, it still sucks. After facing defeat, it is normal for guys to go hide in a hole and never want to come out.  Self pity reigns supreme for months on end while you try to rationalize your failure as a human being.  I know this because I was once a #1.  (If you would like a background, click here.)  And by all means you should go into your dark hole, cry it out a few times and have your pity party!  Get it out of your system.  Because what happens next will define who you are more than anytime before. YOUR REHAB PLAN If Battlefield Airmen selection did not go as planned, its time to pivot and drive to another goal.  This can be difficult to accomplish coming from the self pity state mentioned above, but YOU HAVE TO DO IT.  Don’t lose sight the mental and physical sacrifice you made to get to selection in the first place- you have the dedication in you to go far.  You have to now find a way to re-invigorate that drive somewhere else. For non-prior service Airmen that failed out of selection right out of BMT- there’s great news: you can try again and succeed.  I did.  I also know many that have done the same.  My advice is take a few months off after selection to cool down, chill out and regain that desire (if you are inclined to head back) and slowly ramp up training again to come back stronger than ever.  We can talk more about that gameplan in a later post. For those that do not desire to head back to BA selection or are ineligible, your path is more difficult.  You had dedicated months, if not years, to being a special operator.  And now you won’t be.  That’s a hell of a hard pill to swallow.  Some wither away and are unhappy the rest of their careers due to this failure- I’ve seen it.  The challenge is to re-energize your lust for doing something different; something special. How do you find your new niche?  Its not easy. You have to dedicate the same drive and dedication you used to physically prepare yourself for selection to do your search for your new passion.  Instead of daily ball-busting workouts, there needs to be daily trips to the library.  Replace your iTunes playlist with podcasts such as Tony Robbins, Tim Ferriss, etc.  Start looking at similar type job placements: No luck being a PJ?  How about the Search & Rescue team at a Nat’l Park.  Couldn’t snag your CCT slot?  Go cash in doing Air Traffic Control.  Or go do something completely different.  It doesn’t matter what it is you want to do, as long as it gets you excited every morning. Do not let your selection failure define you.  Either go back and kick the course in the nuts once and for all -or- use it as your opportunity to be great elsewhere.  Now go kick ass and do great things. SW

Read more